RASHT, city and district in the providence of Gilān.Nestled between the Zarjub and Gowhar-rud rivers, Rasht is distinguishing in appearance from cities of the Iranian plateau. The old city is not surrounded by gated walls, and the bazaar is open.Characteristic of urban settlements in Caspian Iran, have been noted by various historical travelers and representatives. In 1772 Johann Friedrich Gmelin wrote that Rasht "has no gate or wall and owes its city name to the general trade in which it has continually engaged since early times.Until the 20th century, Rasht remained with few population.
Rasht began its development very late, during the fourteenth century, when the center of life in the region moved from the mountains to the plains. Up to the seventeenth century, however, the major cities of the area were the imperial seats Fuman and Lāhijān. Moreover, Rasht only became the provincial capital of the Gilān under Shah ʿAbbās, when the province was incorporated into the Persian kingdom. Rasht owes its growth and status to its location at the heart of the province, near the sea and at the end of the road from Tehran and Qazvin, and to the development of trade with the West beginning in the seventeenth century. The city, however, has long maintained the appearance of a large rural village.
The main reason for the foreign presence in Rasht was the silk trade, which had a historical role in the economy of Gilān. Rabino noted that in the late eighteenth century “there was a large colony of Armenians in Recht, as well as a considerable number of Russians, many Hindus and Jews; all maintained separate caravanserais. In 1860, seven European trading houses maintained offices in Rasht , and by 1906, there were no fewer than forty representatives of foreign companies who were not only buying silk, but processing cocoons and supplying seeds to farmers. The English, French, Italians, Russians, as well as Greeks from Asia Minor and Armenians ran these establishments.
Rasht’s most identifiable landmark, its colonial style tempered by a token mini-dome topping a distinctive whitewashed tower. It looks great when floodlit at night.
The JelvehBuilding . A heritage building' is Rasht’s first private high-rise and identifiable landmark, erected circa 1931, with its distinctive French-Russian architectural.
Rasht Museum is small, but well presented in a 1930s house. Its mannequin displays illustrate Gilaki lifestyle, amid a selection of 3000-year-old terracotta riton drinking horns in the shape of bulls, rams and deer. Supping from such vessels supposedly endowed the drinker with the powers and skills of the animal depicted.
These bazaars are the most bustling areas of Gilan. They comprise of open and covered stalls, centers for trading merchadise and are usually located in the heart of the city. Permanent bazaars like Rasht, Astara, Talesh, Roodbar and Somiehsara are always active. Daily bazaars are also held, where the rural folk put up their goods for sale.
Guilan Rural Heritage Museum, Saravan- Shaft road, before police station, 18th km of Rasht- Qazvin freeway.
MirzaKouchak Khan Tomb
MirzaKouchak Khan House The horseman statue is Kuchuk Khan, the Jangali leader of 'Soviet Iran'. A steady flow of well-wishers visit his mausoleum on Manzariyeh St, sheltered by a contemporary brick gazebo with intricate wooden roof.
Danaye Ali is topped with a faceted pyramid of blue tiling.
Masouleh as a national relic is an obvious type of the historic habituate of mankind, which has been registered as No.1090 in national relics list of country in solar year of 1354. This historic town, during its 1000 years of age, is a fantastic type of harmony between nature and human. It is located at 37, 09,13N latitude and at 48, 59,14E longitude. It is situated on a river valley, near the second high peak of Talesh mountain (Masouleh-Dagh with 3050m height). Its height is 1050 m from open sea and difference between it’s the highest the lowest points are more than 120m.
The combination of Talesh, Turkey and Gilaky triple cultures from one side and the forest, the pasture and mountainous triple natures from other side, create a culture and civilization, that the first fade of it, is the specific architecture and urban development of Masouleh.
The old town of masouleh with 1.6 hectare extent is based on four neighborhoods: Khaneh-Bar, Kasheh-Sar, Asad-Mahalleh and Masjed-Bar. Also Masouleh bazaar has four floors that each neighborhood connects to it directly. In Masouleh, at the moment, there are more than 350 residential units, which have been 600 units in past (about 100 years ago). With 120 commercial units around its bazaar, more than 6 caravansara, 2 traditional baths, more than 33 public springs, 10 mosques and 5 shrines strike a note of improvement and splendor of this town in recent years. During the 60 past years, Masouleh’s population has decreased from 3500 to 900.
In recent decades for different reasons, historic-cultural and environmental changes of this rare collection has been altered and present situation of the valuable town is not suitable as before. Nevertheless, Masouleh is probably among the five wonderful town-villages of Iran (Abyaneh, Kandovan, Meymand and Sar-Seiedagha). Maybe thousands of travelers (passengers) visit this historic town and natural landscapes yearly. In summer more passengers visit Masouleh, because of its temperature and damp weather, although its attraction in three other seasons is more than summer.