A newish land has been diluted some of its mystique and otherworldliness, but Persia stills remains a land apart in history and fantasy.
Contemporary History of Iran:
on 16th january 1979 , Mohammad Reza Shah, the last persian Monarch , despite his resistance, had to leave the country and people were every where protesting against Shah. 1st February , Ayatollah KHomeini came to Iran from Paris , he was the leader of the islamic oppositin group at that time. and on 1st april , Iran had a referendum in which majority of people voted for Islamic Republic of Iran.
IRAN was historically referred to as Persia until 1935 when Reza Shah Pahlavi asked the international community to call the country by its native name, Iran.
The First inhabitants of Iran were a group western Asia. When the Aryans moved there, little by little started mingling with the old native Asians. Aryans were a branch of the people today known as the Indo-Europeans, and are believed to be the ancestors of the people of present India, Iran, and most of Western Europe.
Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Achaeamenid Empire and he is the first to establish the charter of human rights. At that time the span of Iran was from the Aegean coast of Asia Minor to Afghanistan south to Egypt.
Later on dozen of successive dynasties ruled over the country, Dynasties such as Parthian, Sassanid, Samanid, Ghaznavid, Safavid, Zand, Afsharid, Qajar and Pahlavi. In 641 Arabs conquered Iran. Persians, who were the followers of Zoroaster, little by little turned to Islam and it was in Safavid period when Islam became the official religion of Iran.
Since Qajar dynasty on, due to the inefficiency of the rulers, Iran intensely begins to decline and gets smaller and smaller. The growing corruption of the Qajar monarchy led to a constitutional revolution in 1905-1906.
In 1979, a party under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini rebelled into a revolution and the current Islamic republic of Iran was founded.
Throughout Iran's long history and despite of different devastating invasions by Arabs, Turks, Mongols, British, Russians, and others, the country has always maintained its national identity and has developed as a distinct identity.